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Thursday 23 June 2011

What now?

Economic freedom

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Part of a series on

Freedom

Concepts

Liberty

(positive · negative

   individual · social)

Rights

Free will

Moral responsibility

By type

Academic · Civil

Economic · Intellectual

Political · Scientific

By right

Assembly · Association

Education · Information

Movement · Press

Religion · Speech (public)

Speech (schools) · Thought

v · d · e

Economic freedom is a term used in economic and policy debates. As with freedom generally, there are various definitions, but no universally accepted concept of economic freedom.[1][2] One major approach to economic freedom comes from classical liberal and libertarian traditions emphasizing free markets and private property, while another extends the welfare economics study of individual choice, with greater economic freedom coming from a "larger" (in some technical sense) set of possible choices.[3] Another more philosophical perspective emphasizes its context in distributive justice and basic freedoms of all individuals.[4] Other conceptions of economic freedom include freedom from want[1][5] and the freedom to engage in collective bargaining.[6]

The free market viewpoint understands economic liberty as the freedom to produce, trade and consume any goods and services acquired without the use of force, fraud or theft. This is embodied in the rule of law, property rights and freedom of contract, and characterized by external and internal openness of the markets, the protection of property rights and freedom of economic initiative.[3][7][8] There are several indices of economic freedom that attempt to measure free market economic freedom, and empirical studies based on these rankings have found higher living standards, economic growth, income equality, less corruption and less political violence to be correlated (not caused by [9][not in citation given]) with free markets.[10][11][12][13][14]

Contents [hide]

  • 1 Free market viewpoint
    • 1.1 Institutions of economic freedom
      • 1.1.1 Rule of law
      • 1.1.2 Private property rights
      • 1.1.3 Freedom of contract
    • 1.2 Economic and political freedom
    • 1.3 Indices of economic freedom
  • 2 Choice sets and economic freedom
    • 2.1 Positive and negative freedom
  • 3 Freedom from want
  • 4 Freedom of association and unions
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 Further reading
  • 8 External links

Political freedom

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Part of a series on

Freedom

Concepts

Liberty

(positive · negative

   individual · social)

Rights

Free will

Moral responsibility

By type

Academic · Civil

Economic · Intellectual

Political · Scientific

By right

Assembly · Association

Education · Information

Movement · Press

Religion · Speech (public)

Speech (schools) · Thought

v · d · e

Political freedom, or political agency, is a central concept in Western history and political thought, and one of the most important (real or ideal) features of democratic societies.[1] It has been described as a relationship free of oppression[2] or coercion;[3] the absence of disabling conditions for a particular group or individual and the fulfillment of enabling conditions;[4] or the absence of economic compulsion.[5] Although political freedom is often interpreted negatively as the freedom from unreasonable external constraints on action,[6] it can also refer to the positive exercise of rights, capacities and possibilities for action, and the exercise of social or group rights (e.g. collective bargaining).[7] The concept can also include freedom from "internal" constraints on political action or speech, such as social conformity, consistency, and "inauthentic" behaviour.[8]

The concept of political freedom is closely connected with the concepts of equality, civil liberties and human rights, which in democratic societies are usually afforded legal protection from the state. Some notable philosophers, such as Alasdair MacIntyre, have theorized freedom in terms of our social interdependence with other people.[9] According to political philosopher Nikolas Kompridis, the pursuit of freedom in the modern era can be broadly divided into two motivating ideals: freedom as autonomy, or independence; and freedom as the ability to cooperatively initiate a new beginning.[10]

Political freedom has also been theorized in opposition to power, or in terms of "power relations", by Michel Foucault.[11] It has also been closely identified with certain kinds of artistic and cultural practice by Cornelius Castoriadis, Antonio Gramsci, Herbert Marcuse, Jacques Ranciere, and Theodor Adorno.

Monday 13 December 2010

WE ARE HOT

The local city guide cityweekend thinks we are HOT (yes!) and put Weltschmerz on this weeks HOT list.

Have a WELTSCHMERZ wednesday, with us and belle de jour. More Weltschmerz is impossible.

Sunday 12 December 2010

Global times press review!

Thanks Nick for the review!

After Expo the emptiness.

By Nick Muzyczka

Say what you will about World Expo 2010 in Shanghai this summer, it is safe to suggest that it focused everyone's attention in a surprisingly vigorous way. Almost every turn of events, positive and negative, was attributed to the Expo in some way and the multitude of related cultural and entertainment projects kept people busy.

But then what happened? For two expat artists, Chris Gill and Terence Lloren, the city has entered a period of post-Expo mourning, a sort of empty "what's next?" feeling. According to the duo "Shanghai is suffering Weltschmerz - a kind of world weariness, a languor and a melancholy pain, indescribable, but there nonetheless."

.....

Read more HERE

Also ART LINK ARTcame by to snap a few installation pix. Thanks!

Monday 6 December 2010

PUMP UP THE VOLUME! #3! Weltschmerz Opening!

Thanks to everyone! The art lovers, art groupies and art spies, for coming to our splendid opening last Saturday. Weltschmerz turned out to be a event full of harmony, the works, the installation, the crowed, the sound performance - all worked out beautifully.

To step away from a regular presentation of paintings, I have decided to use Chris's canvases to build a "tunnel", that became a sort of  Shanghainese lane house scenery. With the sounds of Shanghai, the paintings seemed to become alive with the faces and eyes starring out. 

Weltschmerz got already reviewed by the Oriental Morning Post. Click here to read this article.

More pix and info in Chinese on our Douban page.

谢谢大家!艺术爱好者们,艺术团体,艺术间谍,谢谢你们参加我们上周六晚上的开幕派对!Weltschmerz变为一场和睦的活动——艺术作品,装置,人们,声音表演——一切都一起合作地美好!

为了远离惯例的油画展览,我决定设置Chris的油画作品为一个隧道,同时看起来又像上海小弄堂场景。与上海的录音合作,这些画仿佛与涌动的脸庞和双眼一起活了起来。

Weltschmerz经被《东方早报》报道。点击这里阅读文章。

关于更多照片和中文信息请点击我们豆瓣页面。

Terence performing

the cm2 price list

PUMP UP THE VOLUME!

Yuwe and Chris hanging out...

installation view

installation view

installation view

installation view

installation view

installation view

2.5 rmb/ cm2

Terence performing

yeah!

getting ready. 

who are those people?

installation view

installation view

installation view

bum bum bum!

Thursday 2 December 2010

PUMP UP THE VOLUME! #2

Weltschmerz is coming to stage候台BACK. We are getting ready for the opening on saturday.
Weltschmerz即将降临stage候台BACK. 我们正在为开幕派对准备。

Thursday 25 November 2010

For Immediate release / 可直接发表 WELTSCHMERZ

For Immediate release / 可直接发表

 

WELTSCHMERZ

Chris Gill & Terence Lloren

Mixed media 混合材料

 

December 4  2010 – January 16 2011 / 1204 - 01162011

 

We cordially invite you to join us at the opening of WELTSCHMERZ on December 4, 2010 from 4 pm - 8 pm! WELTSCHMERZ  is a cooperation between painter Chris Gill and sound artist Terence lloren and includes an installation and a live performance by Terence lloren held at 7 pm during the opening.
The exhibition will be closed during December 22 and December 26.
Having just hosted the World Expo, and with other tragedies, Shanghai is suffering Weltschmerz a kind of world weariness, a langour, a melancholy pain, indescribable, but there nonetheless.
Terence Lloren and Chris Gill, two long term Shanghai based foreign artists have created a project to address this issue, that will take visitors on a journey through their interpretation of the Shanghai psyche. Lloren has recorded several thousand hours of sound, and Gill has painted several tens of thousands of centimeters of canvas. Combined together into a unique landscape that reflects the city, with visual and sound elements that are intended to offer some insights, to meditate what it is to be in Shanghai, what it is now, and what it was before, who we are and where we are going.
As we enter this period of post expo ennui, it is a good time to rediscover the city, now all the parachutists, hustlers, diplomats, hookers, grifters and showboats have left town. There were some nice people too. Both artists, though aliens, have an ongoing conversation with the people of Shanghai. Lloren records Shanghai dialect, the sounds of the city and the changes of the seasons. Gill works mostly in visual imagery, sometimes frighteningly accurately predicting the future, and also musing the changes in people’s mental and physical makeup.
Using portable recorders and sometimes elaborate on-location recording sessions, Terence LLoren creates a snapshot of the current life and reality of present day Shanghai. His personal works are more documentary than art, and can be considered as somewhat esoteric, relating specifically to Shanghainese or individuals with a particular interest in field recording and sound art. Lloren emphasizes the concept of time in his recordings, resulting in long-term projects lasting several years or months in order to capture the true candid character of a location over several seasons or events.
Lloren was born in Washington, D.C. in 1978 and studied as worked as an Architect before going back to school for audio engineering in NYC. When not working on his own projects, Lloren freelances as a sound recordist as well as an Interior Design lecturer.
The recordings for Weltschmerz are 6-hour continuous recordings made in the Shanghai municipality with hidden tape recorders randomly placed throughout town. No two days will be alike during the normal operating hours of the gallery until the end of the exhibition."
Chris Gill has a degree in Politics from the University of Newcastle upon Tyne and the People’s University of China. Gill also studied and worked as a printmaker in the UK. He has developed a visual language commenting on the social environment in China since 1992, when he first established a studio at the Old Summer Palace.  Since then he has exhibited widely in China, with galleries such as Red Gate Gallery, Eastlink and Shanghart, and has exhibited at Shanghai Art Museum and Duolun Art Museum. He also works as a writer, currently he is China correspondent for London based The Art Newspaper. 
Gill’s work has a certain resonance with people who have experienced the ongoing changes in China, to which he is bearing witness. He incorporates language (Chinese and English) a very varied mix of materials, as well as photography, sound,  video, installation, and numerous other elements into his work.   
我们诚挚邀请您参加WELTSCHMERZ 的开幕酒会——124日下午4点至8点。WELTSCHMERZ是画家李云飞与声音艺术家罗天瑞一起合作,此外,罗天瑞在7点做现场声音表演。
展览在1222日至1226日之间关闭。
       举办完世博,以及其它的悲剧,上海正在遭受 Weltschmerz 这样一种世界的伤感,一种倦怠,一种忧郁的疼痛,虽然难以言说,却真的存在。
罗天瑞和李云飞,两位长期居住上海的外国艺术家关于此创造着一个项目——它引领参观者进入他们视界里的心理层面的上海的一场旅行。罗天瑞在上海纪录了几千个小时的声音,李云飞在这里画了几万厘米的油画。他们一起试图在用一种特殊的景观方式去组合他们各自的画面与声音元素,去内省/冥想——‘在上海’是什么样?现在是什么样?以前是什么样?我们是谁以及我们去往哪里?
当我们沉浸在后世博的缺失感里,在所有的观光客,诡辩者,交际花,妓女,骗子和游船都离开后,我们是时间重新审视这个城市了。当然那也有些不错的人。
两位艺术家,虽然海报里看去像外星人,他们一直以各自方式与同样生活在这个城市的人们对话。罗天瑞纪录巷弄里上海话的对话,城市的声音,季节的声音。李云飞更多在他的绘画想象世界里创作,有时会恐惧真的预见未来,仍然在不断感受到灵感来自这里的人们无论精神或物理层面的表现。
      天瑞合运用了小型随身音机和其他合来捕捉上海的代生活奏和真上海一日。他的作品与其艺术品其更接近作品。作品用声音记载了参与被访者和上海都市的一些化。土生土的上海人音和声音艺术有兴趣的朋友作品更有共时间天瑞在作品中重点强的一个概念。  个概念作者用了几个月甚至几年的季节时间迁移来捕捉一个地点的最真的特点。
       天瑞于1978年出生于美国特区。原主修建筑设计后来在纽约半工半完成了音响工程的程。在逐步完成此作品的同他也是自由和室内设计大学
     Weltschmerz音作品是6断的音。作者把备隐藏在上海每个行政区里的不同地点。作品想要表达的概念是城市每天每秒的声音都是独特的因此在本空间的展出时间内没有任何一天的声音会重复播放。
 
       李云飞毕业于英国卡斯尔大学并在中国人民大学学中文及东亚政治。曾在英国从事设计及配色工作。自从1992年在明园安下第一个画室以来其作品主意在造一部展中国社会化的视觉。在各地多次举办个展及与当地艺术家合作的群展包括在门画廊艺术香格画廊以及上海美术馆和多伦现代美术馆的展出。除作画外李云亦是一位目前为伦敦The Art Newspaper的中国者。
     李云的作品见证了中国近年来的并令经历其中的人得到共。他的作并用英文与中文且混合不同材料音像影像
installation等多种元素。



Sunday 21 November 2010

WELT SCHMERZ SHANGHAI

WELT SCHMERZ

SHANGHAI

COMING SOON

DEC 4TH 2010